英语翻译The anisotropy of graphite’s material properties continues to fascinate both scientists and technologists.The s,px,and py atomic orbitals on each carbon hybridize to form strong covalent sp2 bonds,giving rise to 120 ° C-C-C bond angles

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英语翻译The anisotropy of graphite’s material properties continues to fascinate both scientists and technologists.The s,px,and py atomic orbitals on each carbon hybridize to form strong covalent sp2 bonds,giving rise to 120 ° C-C-C bond angles
英语翻译
The anisotropy of graphite’s material properties continues to fascinate both scientists and technologists.The s,px,and py atomic orbitals on each carbon hybridize to form strong covalent sp2 bonds,giving rise to 120 ° C-C-C bond angles and the familiar chicken-wire-like layers.The remaining pz orbital on each carbon overlaps with its three neighboring carbons to form a band of filled π orbitals,known as the valence band,and a band of empty π* orbitals,called the conduction band.While three of the four valence electrons on each carbon form the σ (single) bonds,the fourth electron
forms one-third of a π bond with each of its neighbors producing a carbon-carbon bond order in graphite of one and one-third.With no chemical bonding in the c-direction,out-of-plane interactions are extremely weak.This includes the propagation of charge and thermal carriers,which leads to out-of-plane electrical and thermal conductivities that are both more than 103 times lower than those of their in-plane
analogues.

英语翻译The anisotropy of graphite’s material properties continues to fascinate both scientists and technologists.The s,px,and py atomic orbitals on each carbon hybridize to form strong covalent sp2 bonds,giving rise to 120 ° C-C-C bond angles
各石墨材料的性质一直吸引着两个科学家和技术人员.这个年代,px,在每一个碳原子轨道py共价sp2杂化形成牢固的债券,给上升到120 C-C-C°角和熟悉债券类似铁丝织网层.其余pz轨道在每个碳与它的三个邻近碳形成一群充满π轨道,称为价带,一群空π*轨道,称为传导带.尽管三四个价电子在每个碳形成σ(单一)债券,第四个电子
形式的三分之一π债券各邻国产生碳键序在石墨的三分之一.没有在c-direction化学键,土星交互极其脆弱.这包括传播的电荷和热的载体,它导致光学电和热导率,都是超过103次低于他们的平面
核苷类似物

石墨材料性能的各向异性继续吸引科学家和技术专家。,PX,PY每个碳原子轨道杂化,形成强烈的共价SP2的债券,从而上升到120°CCC认证键角和熟悉的鸡肉丝样层。其余PZ轨道上每三个相邻的碳碳重叠,形成一个带称为价带填充π轨道,并带一个空π*轨道,称为导带。虽然每个碳表格上的四个价电子的σ(单)的债券,第四电子
一个π键与每个邻居之一和三分之一的石墨生产中碳 - 碳键的顺序,有三分之一的形式...

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石墨材料性能的各向异性继续吸引科学家和技术专家。,PX,PY每个碳原子轨道杂化,形成强烈的共价SP2的债券,从而上升到120°CCC认证键角和熟悉的鸡肉丝样层。其余PZ轨道上每三个相邻的碳碳重叠,形成一个带称为价带填充π轨道,并带一个空π*轨道,称为导带。虽然每个碳表格上的四个价电子的σ(单)的债券,第四电子
一个π键与每个邻居之一和三分之一的石墨生产中碳 - 碳键的顺序,有三分之一的形式。与没有在c方向的化学键,平面的相互作用极其微弱。这包括充电和热载体的传播,从而导致平面的电气和热导率都超过103倍,比其在平面
类似物。

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